Bridging the Social Gap: Perspectives on Dalit Empowerment addresses four interrelated issues. It conceptualises exclusion-linked deprivation of excluded and indigenous groups in Indian society and elaborates the concept and meaning of social exclusion in general, and of caste-, untouchability- and ethnicity-based exclusion in particular. It then presents the status of disadvantaged groups of Dalit and Adivasi and captures inter-social group inequalities in the attainment of human development. It then goes on to analyse factors associated with high deprivation of these disadvantaged groups in terms of low access to resources, employment, education and social needs. Finally, it highlights the role of caste discrimination in economic, civil and political spheres in the persistence of group inequalities.
All these issues have been explained using simple language; relevant and recent data; case studies; news highlights related to civil, social, economic and political rights violation for easy and better understanding of readers.
Chapter 13: Reservation and Share in Public Employment
Reservation and Share in Public Employment
The issue of reservations for Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) in government services, educational institutions and political bodies like central and state legislatures falls under the purview of anti-discriminatory and proactive measures to mainstream the marginalised social groups. Such measures have been used to ensure proportional participation of SCs and STs in various public domains. This chapter outlines the main provisions of reservation policy and examines its impact on the employment and education of SCs and STs and their representation in the legislature.
The reservation policy of the government is operative in and limited to mainly three spheres—public sector services, admission to public educational institutions and seats in central, state ...