Bridging the Social Gap: Perspectives on Dalit Empowerment addresses four interrelated issues. It conceptualises exclusion-linked deprivation of excluded and indigenous groups in Indian society and elaborates the concept and meaning of social exclusion in general, and of caste-, untouchability- and ethnicity-based exclusion in particular. It then presents the status of disadvantaged groups of Dalit and Adivasi and captures inter-social group inequalities in the attainment of human development. It then goes on to analyse factors associated with high deprivation of these disadvantaged groups in terms of low access to resources, employment, education and social needs. Finally, it highlights the role of caste discrimination in economic, civil and political spheres in the persistence of group inequalities.
All these issues have been explained using simple language; relevant and recent data; case studies; news highlights related to civil, social, economic and political rights violation for easy and better understanding of readers.
Chapter 12: Employment and Unemployment Situation: Rural and Urban
Employment and Unemployment Situation: Rural and Urban
The importance of high employment rate to eradicate poverty and elevate socio-economic standards of any social groups needs no emphasis. This chapter provides an overview of the present scenario of Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) employed in the labour markets and a comparison of their relative status vis-à-vis non-SCs/STs in India. To ascertain the employment and unemployment rate of different social groups in rural and urban areas, a state-wise analysis based on the Current Daily Status (CDS) has been undertaken. This analysis is based on National Sample Survey (NSS) reports for the years 1983 and 1999 on employment and unemployment situation across social groups. For the year 1999–2000, ...