Bridging the Social Gap: Perspectives on Dalit Empowerment addresses four interrelated issues. It conceptualises exclusion-linked deprivation of excluded and indigenous groups in Indian society and elaborates the concept and meaning of social exclusion in general, and of caste-, untouchability- and ethnicity-based exclusion in particular. It then presents the status of disadvantaged groups of Dalit and Adivasi and captures inter-social group inequalities in the attainment of human development. It then goes on to analyse factors associated with high deprivation of these disadvantaged groups in terms of low access to resources, employment, education and social needs. Finally, it highlights the role of caste discrimination in economic, civil and political spheres in the persistence of group inequalities.
All these issues have been explained using simple language; relevant and recent data; case studies; news highlights related to civil, social, economic and political rights violation for easy and better understanding of readers.
Chapter 1: Exclusion, Deprivation and Human Development: Conceptual Framework to Study Excluded Groups
Exclusion, Deprivation and Human Development: Conceptual Framework to Study Excluded Groups
The central purpose of this book is to highlight the status of socially marginalised groups such as Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) with respect to disparities in attainment of human development. Since the deprivation of these groups is closely linked to processes of caste- and ethnicity-based exclusions and discrimination, we shall discuss the concept of social exclusion in general, and caste- and untouchability-based exclusions and discrimination in particular which are seen as causative factors for deprivation faced by these groups.
Concept of Social Exclusion
In social science literature, there is a general agreement on the core features of social exclusion, its ...