In one of the earliest works on Flaubert — first published in 1899 only 19 years after the novelist's death — Émile Faguet began his study in the following way:
Gustave Flaubert was born at Rouen on the 12th December 1821.
His father, the son of a veterinary surgeon of Nogent-sur-Seine, after studying medicine in Paris, had settled down at Rouen, where he had become the highly esteemed and even celebrated Dr. Flaubert, surgeon-in-chief of the Hôtel-Dieu Hospital, where he lived.
His mother, Anne Justine Caroline Fleuriot, was born at Pont I'Èivêque in Calvados, and was, through her mother, connected with the oldest families in Lower Normandy. Gustave Flaubert was therefore a Champenois through ...