Following the success of its best-selling predecessors, the Fourth Edition of Harriette Pipes McAdoo's Black Families retains several now classic contributions while including updated versions of earlier chapters and many entirely new chapters. The goal through each revision of this core text has been to compile a book that focuses on positive dimensions of African American families. The book remains the most complete assessment of black families available in both depth and breadth of coverage. Cross-disciplinary in nature, the book boasts contributions from such fields as family studies, anthropology, education, psychology, social work, and public policy.
Chapter 23: The Impact of Welfare Reform on Black Families
The Impact of Welfare Reform on Black Families
President Bill Clinton signed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) in order to “end welfare as we know it.” Indeed, it repealed the 61-year-old open-ended AFDC entitlement program administered by the federal government and devolved responsibility to the states through a six-year block grant— the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program. The act restricted the total amount of time that recipients could receive welfare support to five years. Moreover, all able-bodied recipients had to find some work after two years. PRWORA had four goals:
to provide assistance to needy families that children may be cared for in their own homes or in the homes ...