The proposed volume attempts to understand how forms of bio-innovation might be linked to the problem of poverty and its reduction through an inquiry into a number of empirical cases of present-day bio-innovations in Asia. Conditions and circumstances in countries like Cambodia, China, India, Korea, Nepal, Philippines, and Thailand are quite different and provide a mosaic of varied experiences in bio-innovation that include shrimp farming, GMO cotton, bio gas, organic farming, and vaccines.

Offering important insights into various forms of bio-innovation efforts and their effects on poverty alleviation, this volume is divided into three major themes that organize the main sections of the book—benefits for the poor: actual, direct, and prospective benefits for the poor; absence of positive impacts and institutional constraints; pro-poor drivers and embedding in anti-poverty alleviation.

The central questions addressed here are: Ways and circumstances in which certain forms of bio-innovations affect the poor and enable poverty alleviation.; Critical factors and conditions for improving the positive impact of bio-innovations on poverty alleviation.; Poverty alleviation goals should be the point of departure in rationalizing, identifying and designing appropriate and relevant bio-innovation programs.

Biogas Program and Its Impact on the Poor in Vietnam

Biogas Program and Its Impact on the Poor in Vietnam

Biogas program and its impact on the poor in Vietnam
Tuong ViPham, Han TuyetMai, and Tran ChiTrung


During the 1990s, Vietnam was known as an exporter of agricultural products. More recently, Vietnam has changed its economic focus from crops to livestock production. During 2001–11, the annual average growth rate of animal husbandry in Vietnam was 4.6 percent.1 The annual growth rate of cattle, pigs, and poultry was 3.9 percent2, 2.5 percent3, and 4.9 percent4, respectively, while the annual average growth rate of dairy cows was 24.6 percent5 in the same period (General Statistics Office, 2011; MARD, 2010). Data from the General Statistics Office (2011) also show that by October 2011, the livestock population reached 5.4366 million cattle, ...

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