• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The proposed volume attempts to understand how forms of bio-innovation might be linked to the problem of poverty and its reduction through an inquiry into a number of empirical cases of present-day bio-innovations in Asia. Conditions and circumstances in countries like Cambodia, China, India, Korea, Nepal, Philippines, and Thailand are quite different and provide a mosaic of varied experiences in bio-innovation that include shrimp farming, GMO cotton, bio gas, organic farming, and vaccines.

Offering important insights into various forms of bio-innovation efforts and their effects on poverty alleviation, this volume is divided into three major themes that organize the main sections of the book—benefits for the poor: actual, direct, and prospective benefits for the poor; absence of positive impacts and institutional constraints; pro-poor drivers and embedding in anti-poverty alleviation.

The central questions addressed here are: Ways and circumstances in which certain forms of bio-innovations affect the poor and enable poverty alleviation.; Critical factors and conditions for improving the positive impact of bio-innovations on poverty alleviation.; Poverty alleviation goals should be the point of departure in rationalizing, identifying and designing appropriate and relevant bio-innovation programs.

Shrimp Probiotics, Social Differentiation, and Shrimp Farmers in Vietnam
Shrimp probiotics, social differentiation, and shrimp farmers in Vietnam
Le ThiVan Hue and Chi Hoang LanDinh
Introduction

Shrimp farming plays an increasingly important role in Vietnam's economy in recent years. Shrimp production has gone up significantly over the last decade with Vietnam currently being ranked as one of the top five shrimp exporters in the world. In 2007, the country earned about US$1.5 billion, accounting for more than 40 percent of the total seafood export revenue (VietNamNet, 2008). The exponential growth in this sector (Box 6.1) can be attributed to several factors including earlier successes in adapting new techniques in shrimp farming and artificially producing broodstock.

At present, Vietnam is standing at the juncture between traditional and more modern farming ...

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