The proposed volume attempts to understand how forms of bio-innovation might be linked to the problem of poverty and its reduction through an inquiry into a number of empirical cases of present-day bio-innovations in Asia. Conditions and circumstances in countries like Cambodia, China, India, Korea, Nepal, Philippines, and Thailand are quite different and provide a mosaic of varied experiences in bio-innovation that include shrimp farming, GMO cotton, bio gas, organic farming, and vaccines.
Offering important insights into various forms of bio-innovation efforts and their effects on poverty alleviation, this volume is divided into three major themes that organize the main sections of the book—benefits for the poor: actual, direct, and prospective benefits for the poor; absence of positive impacts and institutional constraints; pro-poor drivers and embedding in anti-poverty alleviation.
The central questions addressed here are: Ways and circumstances in which certain forms of bio-innovations affect the poor and enable poverty alleviation.; Critical factors and conditions for improving the positive impact of bio-innovations on poverty alleviation.; Poverty alleviation goals should be the point of departure in rationalizing, identifying and designing appropriate and relevant bio-innovation programs.
Chapter 4: Improved Vegetable Production in Northern Thailand: Is the Innovation Pro-poor and Gender Sensitive?
Improved Vegetable Production in Northern Thailand: Is the Innovation Pro-poor and Gender Sensitive?
In Southeast Asia, agriculture has shifted from the traditional livelihood-based rice cultivation to more diversified and market-oriented cash crop cultivation. Even as staple crops such as rice become less important for farming (Dawe, 2007), the demand for vegetables especially for urban areas has increased sharply (Midmore and Jansen, 2003).
In recent decades, Thailand's agriculture has also undergone several significant transformations. In the central plains, non-rice crops have replaced former rice-growing areas (Isvilanonda et al., 2000; Molle et al., 1998) and have also commented on the shift from sugarcane to cash crops such as baby corn as well ...