The proposed volume attempts to understand how forms of bio-innovation might be linked to the problem of poverty and its reduction through an inquiry into a number of empirical cases of present-day bio-innovations in Asia. Conditions and circumstances in countries like Cambodia, China, India, Korea, Nepal, Philippines, and Thailand are quite different and provide a mosaic of varied experiences in bio-innovation that include shrimp farming, GMO cotton, bio gas, organic farming, and vaccines.

Offering important insights into various forms of bio-innovation efforts and their effects on poverty alleviation, this volume is divided into three major themes that organize the main sections of the book—benefits for the poor: actual, direct, and prospective benefits for the poor; absence of positive impacts and institutional constraints; pro-poor drivers and embedding in anti-poverty alleviation.

The central questions addressed here are: Ways and circumstances in which certain forms of bio-innovations affect the poor and enable poverty alleviation.; Critical factors and conditions for improving the positive impact of bio-innovations on poverty alleviation.; Poverty alleviation goals should be the point of departure in rationalizing, identifying and designing appropriate and relevant bio-innovation programs.

Commercialization of Aquaculture in Nepal: Understanding Its Gender Implications

Commercialization of Aquaculture in Nepal: Understanding Its Gender Implications

Commercialization of aquaculture in Nepal: Understanding its gender implications
Geeta BhatraiBastakoti, SunilaRai, and Gam BahadurGurung*

Aquaculture and Poverty Alleviation in Nepal

Aquaculture and fishing constitute a part of agriculture, but they are still in the development phase in Nepal (Rai et al., 2008) even though their potential was recognized long ago (Katz, 1987). Capture fisheries are common in many parts of the country and provides livelihood options to several ethnic and marginalized people in Nepal. But the yield from such fisheries is very low and the catch is inconsistent as it entirely depends on natural availability. Inland capture fisheries have become less resilient to over-exploitation and other environmental changes (Dudgeon, 2005) and thus prompting other form of aquaculture ...

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