The proposed volume attempts to understand how forms of bio-innovation might be linked to the problem of poverty and its reduction through an inquiry into a number of empirical cases of present-day bio-innovations in Asia. Conditions and circumstances in countries like Cambodia, China, India, Korea, Nepal, Philippines, and Thailand are quite different and provide a mosaic of varied experiences in bio-innovation that include shrimp farming, GMO cotton, bio gas, organic farming, and vaccines.
Offering important insights into various forms of bio-innovation efforts and their effects on poverty alleviation, this volume is divided into three major themes that organize the main sections of the book—benefits for the poor: actual, direct, and prospective benefits for the poor; absence of positive impacts and institutional constraints; pro-poor drivers and embedding in anti-poverty alleviation.
The central questions addressed here are: Ways and circumstances in which certain forms of bio-innovations affect the poor and enable poverty alleviation.; Critical factors and conditions for improving the positive impact of bio-innovations on poverty alleviation.; Poverty alleviation goals should be the point of departure in rationalizing, identifying and designing appropriate and relevant bio-innovation programs.
Chapter 2: Bio-Innovation in Edible Mushroom Industry and Poverty Alleviation in China
Bio-Innovation in Edible Mushroom Industry and Poverty Alleviation in China
In China, traditionally, most edible mushrooms were only harvested wild and rarely domesticated and cultivated. Therefore, the production was usually small scale and limited to some seasons and ecologically favorable regions. This situation has changed with a series of bio-innovations allowing mushrooms to be cultivated throughout the year in environmentally controlled conditions and capable of large-scale production to feed the market demand.
According to records from related documents and materials, as early as 800 years ago, people in Zhejiang province in the east coastal area had adopted ‘cutting flower method’ to cultivate Lentinula edodes (shiitake) in remote mountains. Artificial cultivation of L. edodes (shiitake) mushroom ...