The proposed volume attempts to understand how forms of bio-innovation might be linked to the problem of poverty and its reduction through an inquiry into a number of empirical cases of present-day bio-innovations in Asia. Conditions and circumstances in countries like Cambodia, China, India, Korea, Nepal, Philippines, and Thailand are quite different and provide a mosaic of varied experiences in bio-innovation that include shrimp farming, GMO cotton, bio gas, organic farming, and vaccines.
Offering important insights into various forms of bio-innovation efforts and their effects on poverty alleviation, this volume is divided into three major themes that organize the main sections of the book—benefits for the poor: actual, direct, and prospective benefits for the poor; absence of positive impacts and institutional constraints; pro-poor drivers and embedding in anti-poverty alleviation.
The central questions addressed here are: Ways and circumstances in which certain forms of bio-innovations affect the poor and enable poverty alleviation.; Critical factors and conditions for improving the positive impact of bio-innovations on poverty alleviation.; Poverty alleviation goals should be the point of departure in rationalizing, identifying and designing appropriate and relevant bio-innovation programs.
Chapter 14: Biofertilizer-Based Bio-Innovation: Relevance to Poverty Welfare
Biofertilizer-Based Bio-Innovation: Relevance to Poverty Welfare
Today, the increasing cost of chemical fertilizers (due to oil price hikes) along with declining yield response to increased fertilizer application and degradation of soil, limit the soil fertility choices available to farmers. The harmful effects of chemical fertilizers on soil quality and crop production, along with an ongoing energy crisis has resulted in biofertilizers (microbial inoculants) emerging as a major source of plant nutrition in the mid-1970s. Biofertilizers are also receiving increased policy-level attention for their capacity to place poor farmers and their welfare at the center of action.
Biofertilizers have been promoted by the research system mainly the research institutes under the Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR) and several other agricultural universities ...