The proposed volume attempts to understand how forms of bio-innovation might be linked to the problem of poverty and its reduction through an inquiry into a number of empirical cases of present-day bio-innovations in Asia. Conditions and circumstances in countries like Cambodia, China, India, Korea, Nepal, Philippines, and Thailand are quite different and provide a mosaic of varied experiences in bio-innovation that include shrimp farming, GMO cotton, bio gas, organic farming, and vaccines.
Offering important insights into various forms of bio-innovation efforts and their effects on poverty alleviation, this volume is divided into three major themes that organize the main sections of the book—benefits for the poor: actual, direct, and prospective benefits for the poor; absence of positive impacts and institutional constraints; pro-poor drivers and embedding in anti-poverty alleviation.
The central questions addressed here are: Ways and circumstances in which certain forms of bio-innovations affect the poor and enable poverty alleviation.; Critical factors and conditions for improving the positive impact of bio-innovations on poverty alleviation.; Poverty alleviation goals should be the point of departure in rationalizing, identifying and designing appropriate and relevant bio-innovation programs.
Chapter 13: Bt Cotton in China: Implications for the Rural Poor and Poverty Alleviation
Bt Cotton in China: Implications for the Rural Poor and Poverty Alleviation
During the process of modernization and transition from a centrally planned to a market-based economy, the Government of China has aimed to achieve the twin goals of economic growth and poverty alleviation, and made outstanding progress. Agriculture remains the foundation of China's economy, representing approximately 10 percent of the country's gross domestic product (GDP), supporting some 250 million rural households and employing around 50 percent of the country's labor force. China's agriculture faces the complex challenges of feeding its population, and addressing poverty, while trying to ensure an equitable, efficient, and sustainable use of its limited natural resources as well ...