The proposed volume attempts to understand how forms of bio-innovation might be linked to the problem of poverty and its reduction through an inquiry into a number of empirical cases of present-day bio-innovations in Asia. Conditions and circumstances in countries like Cambodia, China, India, Korea, Nepal, Philippines, and Thailand are quite different and provide a mosaic of varied experiences in bio-innovation that include shrimp farming, GMO cotton, bio gas, organic farming, and vaccines.

Offering important insights into various forms of bio-innovation efforts and their effects on poverty alleviation, this volume is divided into three major themes that organize the main sections of the book—benefits for the poor: actual, direct, and prospective benefits for the poor; absence of positive impacts and institutional constraints; pro-poor drivers and embedding in anti-poverty alleviation.

The central questions addressed here are: Ways and circumstances in which certain forms of bio-innovations affect the poor and enable poverty alleviation.; Critical factors and conditions for improving the positive impact of bio-innovations on poverty alleviation.; Poverty alleviation goals should be the point of departure in rationalizing, identifying and designing appropriate and relevant bio-innovation programs.

Knowing Earth and Sky: The Transmission of Knowledge in Natural Farming in Chiang Mai Province

Knowing Earth and Sky: The Transmission of Knowledge in Natural Farming in Chiang Mai Province

Knowing earth and sky: The transmission of knowledge in natural farming in Chiang Mai province


Aconversation in 2007 between Gla, a Chiang Mai peri-urban farmer and Jeff, a would-be organic farmer:

Gla: “I know I have chemicals in my blood. The doctor told me. I'd like to farm organically, but it's too late. We've already harmed the environment for too long. It's impossible now.”

Jeff: “Yeah, but last week I was at an organic rice farm in our district, a ten-minute drive from here. The guy has an organic mill, about 200 families in his network, and they're selling rice all over Chiang Mai. And they've been doing it for ten years!”

Gla (laughing): ...

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