The proposed volume attempts to understand how forms of bio-innovation might be linked to the problem of poverty and its reduction through an inquiry into a number of empirical cases of present-day bio-innovations in Asia. Conditions and circumstances in countries like Cambodia, China, India, Korea, Nepal, Philippines, and Thailand are quite different and provide a mosaic of varied experiences in bio-innovation that include shrimp farming, GMO cotton, bio gas, organic farming, and vaccines.

Offering important insights into various forms of bio-innovation efforts and their effects on poverty alleviation, this volume is divided into three major themes that organize the main sections of the book—benefits for the poor: actual, direct, and prospective benefits for the poor; absence of positive impacts and institutional constraints; pro-poor drivers and embedding in anti-poverty alleviation.

The central questions addressed here are: Ways and circumstances in which certain forms of bio-innovations affect the poor and enable poverty alleviation.; Critical factors and conditions for improving the positive impact of bio-innovations on poverty alleviation.; Poverty alleviation goals should be the point of departure in rationalizing, identifying and designing appropriate and relevant bio-innovation programs.

Harnessing Poverty Alleviation Potential of Biofertilizer in the Philippines

Harnessing Poverty Alleviation Potential of Biofertilizer in the Philippines

Harnessing poverty alleviation potential of biofertilizer in the Philippines
Linda M.Peñalba, Merlyne M.Paunlagui, and Rowena D.T.Baconguis


In the Philippines, interest in finding an alternative to chemical fertilizers grew in the 1980s due to the rising cost of imported fertilizers as a consequence of the peso devaluation and the energy crisis as well as environmental concerns on the effects of intensive chemical fertilizer use. Public research and development (R&D) institutions and policy makers included biofertilizer research in their R&D agenda and mobilized local resources to initiate further studies.

Inspired by the success of a number of research initiatives, the government issued policies promoting and funding various biofertilizer technology development programs. Specifically, it increased public sector investment in various phases of ...

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