The proposed volume attempts to understand how forms of bio-innovation might be linked to the problem of poverty and its reduction through an inquiry into a number of empirical cases of present-day bio-innovations in Asia. Conditions and circumstances in countries like Cambodia, China, India, Korea, Nepal, Philippines, and Thailand are quite different and provide a mosaic of varied experiences in bio-innovation that include shrimp farming, GMO cotton, bio gas, organic farming, and vaccines.

Offering important insights into various forms of bio-innovation efforts and their effects on poverty alleviation, this volume is divided into three major themes that organize the main sections of the book—benefits for the poor: actual, direct, and prospective benefits for the poor; absence of positive impacts and institutional constraints; pro-poor drivers and embedding in anti-poverty alleviation.

The central questions addressed here are: Ways and circumstances in which certain forms of bio-innovations affect the poor and enable poverty alleviation.; Critical factors and conditions for improving the positive impact of bio-innovations on poverty alleviation.; Poverty alleviation goals should be the point of departure in rationalizing, identifying and designing appropriate and relevant bio-innovation programs.

Biosand Water Filter and Poor Households in the Philippines

Biosand Water Filter and Poor Households in the Philippines

Biosand water filter and poor households in the Philippines
Marlon B.Sepe, Joel N.Sagadal, Rudy D.Lange, and Jobert C.Porras


Due to lack of improved access to safe drinking water, millions of people in developing countries die each year from diseases contracted through direct and indirect contact with pathogenic bacteria found in human excreta. Water-borne diseases such as cholera, hepatitis, typhoid, and diarrhea are contracted from untreated wastewater discharged into water bodies [World Health Organization (WHO), 2004]. More than half of the world's rivers, lakes, and coastal waters are seriously polluted from wastewater discharge [United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), 2002; World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), 2004]. Thus, the cost of this inadequate access to safe ...

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