Beyond Sex and Gender


Wendy Cealey Harrison & John Hood-Williams

  • Citations
  • Add to My List
  • Text Size

  • Chapters
  • Front Matter
  • Back Matter
  • Subject Index
  • Copyright

    View Copyright Page


    Even though my co-author, John Hood-Williams, was tragically killed when we were only a very short distance into the work of writing it, the book that follows remains a work on which both of our names appear. In fact, John only ever saw the final version of the first substantive chapter (Chapter 2: ‘The Old Configuration’), which we had worked up collaboratively. However, he had written a first draft of portions of what are now Chapters 3, 7 and 9, and there was already work in print, both single- and joint-authored, which was to have constituted some of the foundation for other chapters, as indeed it has. Versions of some of the material on genetics appeared in a series of articles by John over the last few years, notably in ‘Is the Genetic Sexing of Humans Tautological?’ (1995), ‘Sexing the Athletes’ (1995) and ‘Goodbye to Sex and Gender’ (1996). An early formulation of a portion of Chapter 10, originally written by John and subsequently significantly reworked, has also appeared under both our names in New Formations as ‘Gendered Melancholy or General Melancholy?’ Effectively, however, those portions of text written by John before he died, (including that portion of Chapter 10) have been comprehensively revised and, in many cases, all but rewritten, which was inevitable in view of the need to produce a work that was coherent.

    The more forceful reason for thinking of this as a shared work, however, has to do with the unique intellectual and pedagogic partnership that we had formed over the preceding ten years. We had differing intellectual formations and our own individual take on things, but on this project we genuinely thought our thoughts together and had managed, I believe, to construct what is probably a fairly rare thing: a joint voice. Although we undoubtedly had quite different writing styles, in the articles we published together we didn't intend readers to be able to see the joins. All of our discussions were aimed at working out what we thought, as a unit. At the time of John's death, we still had intellectual work to do in two fairly substantial areas, and the completion of that investigation has undoubtedly affected the configuration of the whole. Writing out of a fractured dialogue, in the ensuing silence, inevitably made me wonder how the resulting book would differ from what would otherwise have been produced. Inevitably, it is neither the book that we would have written together, nor the book that I would have written had I embarked on the project by myself from the outset. However, we had decided essentially where we were going and I think I have been reasonably faithful to that trajectory.

    Beyond Sex and Gender is the outgrowth of what was initially an undergraduate (then also postgraduate) course that John and I devised as far back as 1989 and team taught until 1999, originally called ‘Explorations in the Study of Gender’ and subsequently ‘The Problem of Sexual Difference’. As the change of title might indicate, we had difficulty in devising a name for work that was intended to take us beyond the sex/gender distinction. The first title indicated ours and our students' exploratory forays into new terrain but, because it retained the term ‘gender’, inadvertently produced the problem of attracting those who thought of such courses primarily in terms of issues of inequality and who found our rather different agenda somewhat bewildering. The second more confident title was nevertheless a compromise because it tended to evoke a psychoanalytic problematic to which we were sympathetic – one might even say fairly committed – but whose universalism we were also throwing into question. In that sense, though, the very problem posed by the sexual difference framework (as we chose to understand the term) refers in an indexical way to that whole complex of difficulties which surround the issue of the allegedly foundational and transhistorical character of ‘sex’, and this makes it peculiarly appropriate as a characterization. In spite of these small local difficulties of nomenclature, however, it was a consistently enjoyable course to teach and I should like to thank all of its students, past and present, for the many stimulating and engaging discussions that we shared over so many years.

    Annette Devine also provided invaluable support to both John and myself in the early stages of the project, and, since then, has been a source of innumerable and invaluable practical and emotional moments of sustenance. She also undertook small pieces of research when I was unable to find the time to do so. I should like to thank her, above all else, for her unstinting guidance and help, and for having that very rare quality, which is wisdom. I should also like to thank my sister, Michèle Harrison, for the many stimulating discussions we shared over the months of the book's composition, and, especially for her sage words about Foucault, to which I am indebted for some of the discussion in Chapter 11, and about many other things. My parents, Marion and Reginald Harrison were, as always, indefatigably encouraging. Mike Kelly provided the conditions in which work on the book was both valued and possible, transforming the culture of a department in which research had been a matter of ‘sink or swim’ into somewhere where intellectual work was treated in the way that it deserves. Chris Rojek was as understanding an editor as any author could hope for and helped me to make the transition to carrying on with the project alone after John was killed. Elizabeth Wells grappled gamely with the complexities of my author-formatted text, which nearly defeated both of us when the files became corrupted. Finally, but by no means least, Richard Oels provided invaluable support and, crucially, cooked me innumerable meals when I had no time to stop, and patiently transcribed my corrupted files almost byte by byte. Inevitably, one has to say that, in spite of use of the word ‘we’, and notwithstanding all of this wonderful support, responsibility for the text, with all of its possible deficits, rests finally with me. The book is dedicated to John's memory, since it was he who pushed me, finally and not so many years ago, to get into print.

  • References

    Adams, Parveen (1991), ‘Per Os(cillation)’ in JamesDonald (ed), Thresholds: Psychoanalysis and Cultural Theory, London, Macmillan, pp. 68–88
    Adams, Parveen (1996), The Emptiness of the Image: Psychoanalysis and Sexual Differences, London and New York, Routledge
    Adams, Parveen and Cowie, Elizabeth (eds) (1990), The Woman in Question – m/f, London and New York, Verso
    Allen, Hilary (1990), ‘At the Mercy of Her Hormones: Premenstrual Tension and the Law’, The Woman in Question – m/f, ParveenAdams and ElizabethCowie (eds), London and New York, Verso
    Anzieu, Didier (1989), The Skin Ego: A Psychoanalytic Approach to the Self, ChrisTurner (trans.), New Haven and London, Yale University Press
    Ashe, Geoffrey (1974 [1957]), King Arthur's Avalon: The Story of Glastonbury, London and Glasgow, Fontana Books
    Austin, John Langshaw (1962), How to Do Things with Words, Oxford, Clarendon Press
    Austin, John Langshaw (1970), Philosophical Papers, Oxford, Clarendon Press
    Bagemihl, Bruce (1999), Biological Exuberance: Animal Homosexuality and Natural Diversity, London, Profile Books
    Barthes, Roland (1983), ‘The World of Wrestling’, SusanSontag (ed), Barthes: Selected Readings, London, Fontana, pp. 18–30
    Bauman, Zygmunt (1973), ‘On the Philosophical Status of Ethnomethodology’, Sociological Review, 21, 1: 3–23
    Bauman, Zygmunt (1991), Modernity and the Holocaust, Cambridge and Oxford, Polity Press with Basil Blackwell
    Bell, Vicki (1999), ‘On Speech, Race and Melancholia: An Interview with Judith Butler’, Theory, Culture and Society, 16, 2, April: 163–74
    Bennington, Geoffrey and Derrida, Jacques (1993), Jacques Derrida, GeoffreyBennington (trans), Chicago, University of Chicago Press
    Bleier, Ruth (1984), Science and Gender: A Critique of Biology and its Theories on Women, New York, Pergamon Press
    Borch-Jacobsen, Mikkel (1988), The Freudian Subject, CatherinePorter (trans.), Stanford CA, Stanford University Press
    Bourdieu, Pierre (1977), Outline of a Theory of Practice, RichardNice (trans.), Cambridge, Cambridge University Press
    Braidotti, Rosi with JudithButler (1994), ‘Feminism By Any Other Name’, Differences, 6, 2+3. Summer-Fall: 27–61
    Brown, Beverley and Cousins, Mark (1980), ‘The Linguistic Fault: the Case of Foucault's Archaeology’, Economy and Society, 9, 3, August: 251–78
    Butler, Judith (1990), Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity, London, Routledge
    Butler, Judith (1993), Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of ‘Sex’, London, Routledge
    Butler, Judith (1997), The Psychic Life of Power: Theories in Subjection, Stanford, CA, Stanford University Press
    Califia, Pat (1983), Sapphistry: The Book of Lesbian Sexuality,
    2nd edn
    , USA, Naiad Press
    Cannon, Walter Bradford (1942), ‘“Voodoo” Death’, American Anthropologist, 154(44)
    Carlson, Neil R. (1991), Physiology of Behaviour,
    4th edn
    , Boston, Mass., Allyn and Bacon
    Cealey Harrison, Wendy (1995), ‘The Socialization of the Body's Pleasures’, New Formations, 26, Autumn: 163–71
    Cealey Harrison, Wendy and Hood-Williams, John (1997), ‘Gender, Bodies and Discursivity: A Comment on Hughes & Witz’, Body & Society, 3, 2: 103–18
    Cealey Harrison, Wendy and Hood-Williams, John (1998), ‘More Varieties than Heinz: Social Categories and Sociality in Humphries, Hammersley and Beyond’, Sociological Research Online, 3, 1,
    Chown, Marcus (2000), ‘Random Reality’, New Scientist, 2227, 26 February: 24–8
    Connell, Robert W. (1987), Gender and Power: Society, the Person and Sexual Politics, Cambridge, Polity Press
    Connor, Steven (1999–2000), ‘Integuments: the Scar, the Sheen, the Screen’, New Formations, 39, Winter: 32–54
    Damasio, Antonio R. (1995), Descartes' Error: Emotion, Reason and the Human Brain, London, Macmillan Press
    Damasio, Antonio R. (2000), The Feeling of What Happens, London, Vintage Press
    Davis, L. and Delano, L. (1992), ‘Fixing the Boundaries of Physical Gender: Side Effects of Anti-Drug Campaigns’, Sociology of Sport Journal, 9: 1–9
    de Beauvoir, Simone (1972 [1949]), The Second Sex, Harmondsworth, Penguin
    Delphy, Christine (1984), Close to Home: A Materialist Analysis of Women's Oppression, DianaLeonard (trans.), London, Hutchinson
    Delphy, Christine (1993), ‘Rethinking Sex and Gender’, Women's Studies International Forum, 16, 1: 1–9
    Delphy, Christine and Leonard, Diana (1992), Familiar Exploitation, Cambridge, Polity Press
    Douglas, Mary (1995 [1966]), Purity and Danger: An Analysis of the Concepts of Pollution and Taboo, London and New York, Routledge
    Dreyfus, Hubert and Rabinow, Paul (eds) (1982), Between Structuralism and Hermeneutics, Brighton, Harvester Press
    Dyer, K. F. (1982), Catching up the Men: Women in Sport, London, Junction Books
    Elias, Norbert (1994), The Civilising Process: The History of Manners and State Formation and Civilization, EdmundJephcott (trans.), Oxford UK and Cambridge Mass., Basil Blackwell
    Evans-Pritchard, E. E. (1937), Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic among the Azande, Oxford, Clarendon Press
    Farnsworth, Marjorie Whyte (1988), Genetics,
    2nd edn
    , New York and Cambridge, Harper and Row
    Fausto-Sterling, Anne (1989), ‘Life in the XY Corral’, Women's Studies International Forum, 12, 3: 319–31
    Fausto-Sterling, Anne (1993) ‘The Five Sexes: Why Male and Female Are Not Enough’, The Sciences, March-April: 20–25
    Firestone, Shulamith (1971), The Dialectic of Sex: The Case for Feminist Revolution, London, Cape
    Foucault, Michel (1972), The Archaeology of Knowledge, A. M. SheridanSmith (trans.), London, Tavistock Publications
    Foucault, Michel (1974), The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences, (trans, not listed) London, Tavistock Publications
    Foucault, Michel (1979a), Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison, AlanSheridan (trans.), Harmondsworth, Penguin
    Foucault, Michel (1979b), Truth and Power: an Interview with Alessandro Fontano and Pasquale Pasquino’, MeaghanMorris and PaulPatton (eds), Michel Foucault: Power/Truth/Strategy, Sydney, Feral Publications, pp. 29–48
    Foucault, Michel (1980), Herculine Barbin, Being the Recently Discovered Memoirs of a Nineteenth-Century Hermaphrodite, RichardMcDougall (trans.), Brighton, Harvester Press
    Foucault, Michel (1981), ‘The Order of Discourse’, RobertYoung (ed.), Untying the Text: A Poststructuralist Reader, London, Routledge and Kegan Paul
    Freud, Sigmund (1894), ‘The Neuro-Psychoses of Defence’, The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, JamesStrachey (trans.), Vol. III, Hogarth Press, London, 1962
    Freud, Sigmund (1905a), ‘Fragment of an Analysis of a Case of Hysteria’, The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, JamesStrachey (trans.), Vol. VII, Hogarth Press, London, 1956
    Freud, Sigmund (1905b), Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality, The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, JamesStrachey (trans.), Vol. VII, Hogarth Press, London, 1956
    Freud, Sigmund (1911 [1910]), ‘Psychoanalytical Notes on an Autobiographical Account of a Case of Paranoia (Dementia Paranoia)’, The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, JamesStrachey (trans.), Vol. XII, Hogarth Press, London, 1958
    Freud, Sigmund (1915), ‘Instincts and their Vicissitudes’, The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, JamesStrachey (trans.), Vol. XIV, Hogarth Press, London, 1957
    Freud, Sigmund (1917 [1915]), ‘Mourning and Melancholia’, The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, JamesStrachey (trans.), Vol. XIV, Hogarth Press, London, 1957
    Freud, Sigmund (1918 [1914]), ‘From the History of an Infantile Neurosis’ (The Wolf Man), The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, JamesStrachey (trans.), Vol. XVII, Hogarth Press, London, 1955
    Freud, Sigmund (1919), ‘A Child is Being Beaten’, The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, JamesStrachey (trans.), Vol. XVII, Hogarth Press, London, 1955
    Freud, Sigmund (1920), ‘The Psychogenesis of a Case of Homosexuality in a Woman’, The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, JamesStrachey (trans.), Vol. XVIII, Hogarth Press, London, 1955
    Freud, Sigmund (1921), Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego, The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, JamesStrachey (trans.), Vol. XVIII, Hogarth Press, London, 1955.
    Freud, Sigmund (1923), The Ego and the Id, The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, JamesStrachey (trans.), Vol. XIX, Hogarth Press, London, 1961
    Freud, Sigmund (1930 [1929]), Civilization and its Discontents, The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, JamesStrachey (trans.) based on JoanRiviere (1930), Vol. XXI, Hogarth Press, London, 1961
    Freud, Sigmund (1933), ‘Lecture XXXIII: Femininity’, The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, JamesStrachey (trans.), Vol. XXII, Hogarth Press, London, 1964
    Garfinkel, Harold (1990 [1967]), Studies in Ethnomethodology, Cambridge and Oxford, Polity Press with Basil Blackwell
    Gatens, Moira (1983), ‘A Critique of the Sex/Gender Distinction’, J.Allen and P.Patton, Beyond Marxism?Sydney, Intervention Publications
    Gatens, Moira (1996), Imaginary Bodies: Ethics, Power and Corporeality, London and New York, Routledge
    Gaukroger, Stephen (1978), Explanatory Structures: Concepts of Explanation in the Early Physics and Philosophy, Hassocks, Harvester Press
    Gaukroger, Stephen (1983), ‘Logic, Language, and Literature: the Relevance of Frege’, The Oxford Literary Review, 6, 1: 68–96
    Goffman, Erving (1971), The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, Harmondsworth, Penguin
    Goffman, Erving (1979), Gender Advertisements, London, Macmillan
    Goffman, Erving (1986), Frame Analysis: An Essay on the Organization of Experience, Boston, Northeastern University Press
    Gould, Laura (1996), Cats Are Not Peas: A Calico History of Genetics, New York, Springer-Verlag
    Greenfield, Susan (2000), The Private Life of the Brain, London, Allen Lane/Penguin Press
    Hacking, Ian (1989), Representing and Intervening: Introductory Topics in the Philosophy of Natural Science, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press
    Hampson, J. L. and Hampson, J. G. (1961), ‘The Ontogenesis of Sexual Behaviour in Man’, W. C.Young (ed.), Sex and Internal Secretions, London, Bailliere, Tindall and Cox
    Heap, James and Roth, Phillip (1973), ‘On Phenomenological Sociology’, American Sociological Review, 38 (June): 354–67
    Hindess, Barry (1987), Politics and Class Analysis, Oxford, Basil Blackwell
    Hindess, Barry and Hirst, Paul (1977), Mode of Production and Social Formation: An Auto-Critique of Pre-Capitalist Modes of Production, London and Basingstoke, Macmillan Press
    Hirst, Paul and Woolley, Penny (1982), Social Relations and Human Attributes, London, Tavistock Publications
    Hood-Williams, John (1995a), ‘Is the Genetic Sexing of Humans Tautological?’, Social Biology and Human Affairs, 60, 2: 3–9
    Hood-Williams, John (1995b), ‘Sexing the Athletes’, Sociology of Sport Journal, 12, 3: 290–305
    Hood-Williams, John (1996), ‘Goodbye to Sex and Gender’, Sociological Review, 44, 1, February: 1–16
    Hood-Williams, John (1997), ‘Stories for Sexual Difference’, British Journal of Sociology of Education, 18, 1: 81–99
    Hood-Williams, John and Cealey Harrison, Wendy (1998), ‘Trouble with Gender’, Sociological Review, 46, 1: 73–94
    Hood-Williams, John and Cealey Harrison, Wendy (2000), ‘Gendered Melancholy or General Melancholy? Homosexual Attachments in the Formation of Gender’, New Formations, 41, Autumn: 109–26
    Hubbard, Alan (n.d), ‘Doctors Demand Changes in Sport's Sex-Test Code’, The Observer
    Hughes, Alex and Witz, Anne (1997), ‘Feminism and the Matter of Bodies: From de Beauvoir to Butler’, Body & Society, 3, 1, March: 47–60
    Irvine, John, Miles, Ian and Evans, Jeff (eds) (1979), Demystifying Social Statistics, London, Pluto Press
    Jefferson, Tony (1998), ‘Muscle, “Hard Men” and “Iron” Mike Tyson: Reflections on Desire, Anxiety and the Embodiment of Masculinity’, Body and Society, 4, 1: 77–98
    Kessler, Suzanne J. (1993), ‘Letter to Anne Fausto-Sterling on the Five Sexes’, The Sciences, July/August: 3
    Kessler, Suzanne (1998), Lessons from the Intersexed, New Brunswick, New Jersey and London, Rutgers University Press
    Kessler, Suzanne and McKenna, Wendy (1978), Gender: An Ethnomethodological Approach, Chicago and London, University of Chicago Press
    Kirby, Vicki (1997), Telling Flesh: The Substance of the Corporeal, New York and London, Routledge
    Klein, Melanie (1950), Contributions to Psycho-Analysis, London, Hogarth Press
    Klein, Melanie, Heiman, P., Isaacs, S. and Rivière, J. (1952), Developments in Psycho-Analysis, London, Hogarth Press
    Kuhn, Thomas (1970), The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Chicago, University of Chicago Press
    Lacan, Jacques (1977), ‘The Mirror Stage as Formative of the Function of the I’, Ecrits, AlanSheridan (trans.), London, Routledge, pp. 1–7
    Laplanche, Jean (1976), Life and Death in Psychoanalysis, JeffreyMehlman (trans.), Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press
    Laplanche, Jean and Pontalis, Jean-Bertrand (1980), The Language of Psycho-analysis, DonaldNicholson-Smith (trans.), London, The Hogarth Press with the Institute of Psycho-Analysis
    Laqueur, Thomas (1990), Making Sex: Body and Gender from the Greeks to Freud, Cambridge, Mass. and London, Harvard University Press
    Lévi-Strauss, Claude (1977), Structural Anthropology, ClaireJacobson and Brooke GrundfestSchoepf (trans.), Harmondsworth, Penguin
    Mac An Ghaill, Máirtín (1994), The Making of Men: Masculinities, Sexuality and Schooling, Buckingham, Open University Press
    MacCabe, Colin (1979), ‘On Discourse’, Economy and Society, 8, 3, August: 279–307
    Maccoby, E. E. and Jacklin, C. N. (1975), The Psychology of Sex Differences, London, Tavistock Publications
    Martin, Emily (1991), ‘The Egg and the Sperm: How Science Has Constructed a Romance Based on Stereotypical Male-Female Roles’, Signs, 16, 3: 485–501
    Messerschmidt, J. (1993), Masculinities & Crime: Critique and Reconceptualization of Theory. Lanham, Maryland, Rowman and Littlefield
    Mills, Sara (1997), Discourse, London and New York, Routledge
    Mitchell, Juliet (1982), ‘Introduction I’, in JacquesLacan and the école freudienne, Feminine Sexuality, JulietMitchell and JacquelineRose (eds), JacquelineRose (trans.), London and Basingstoke, Macmillan, pp. 1–26
    Modares, Mina (1981), ‘Women and Shi'ism in Iran’, m/f, 5 & 6: 61–81
    Money, John (1965), ‘Psychosexual Differentiation’, JohnMoney (ed.), Sex Research: New Developments, New York, Holt, Rinehart and Winston
    Oakley, Ann (1972), Sex, Gender and Society, London, Temple Smith
    Oakley, Ann (1981), Subject Women, Oxford, Martin Robertson
    Oakley, Ann (1985), Sex, Gender and Society, Hampshire, Arena Gower Publishing
    Oakley, Ann (1997), ‘A Brief History of Gender’, AnnOakley and JulietMitchell (eds), Who's Afraid of Feminism? Seeing through the Backlash, London, Hamish Hamilton, pp. 29–55
    Ortner, Sherry and Whitehead, Harriet (eds) (1981), Sexual Meanings: The Cultural Construction of Gender and Sexuality, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press
    Oudshoorn, Nelly (1994), Beyond the Natural Body: An Archaeology of Sex Hormones, London and New York, Routledge
    Page, David; Mosher, Rebecca; Simpson, Elizabeth M.; Fisher, Elizabeth M. C.; Mardon, Graeme; Pollack, Jonathan; McGillivray, Barbara; de la Chapelle, Albert and Brown, Laura G. (1987), ‘The Sex-Determining Region of the Human Y Chromosome Encodes a Finger Protein’, Cell, December 24: 1091–1104
    Parsons, Talcott (1949), Essays in Sociological Theory: Pure and Applied, New York, Free Press
    Ramachandran, Vilayanur S. and Blakeslee, Sandra (1998), Phantoms in the Brain: Probing the Mysteries of the Human Mind, New York, William Morrow
    Riley, Denise (1987), ‘Does a Sex Have a History? “Women” and Feminism’, New Formations, 1, Spring: 35–45
    Riley, Denise (1988), ‘Am I That Name?’ Feminism and the Category of ‘Women’ in History, Basingstoke and London, Macmillan Press
    Ritvo, Harriet (2000), ‘Defining Moments’, New Scientist, 2220, 8 January: 38–9
    Rose, Jacqueline (1983), ‘Femininity and its Discontents’, Feminist Review, 14: 5–21
    Rubin, Gayle (1975), ‘The Traffic in Women: Notes on the “Political Economy” of Sex’, Rayna RappReiter (ed.), Towards an Anthropology of Women, New York, Monthly Review Press, pp. 157–210.
    Rubin, Gayle with Judith, Butler (1994), ‘Sexual Traffic’, Differences, 6, 2+3, Summer-Fall: 62–99
    Savage, Mike and Witz, Anne (eds) (1992), Gender and Bureaucracy, Oxford, Basil Blackwell
    Scott, Joan (1986), ‘Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis’, American Historical Review, 91, 5: 1053–75
    Scott, Sue and Morgan, David (1993), Body Matters: Essays on the Sociology of the Body, London and Washington DC, Falmer Press
    Smith, Richard W. (1979), ‘What Kind of Sex is Natural?’ in VeraBullough (ed.), The Frontiers of Sex Research, Buffalo, Prometheus
    Stoller, Robert (1968), Sex and Gender, New York, Science House
    Ussher, Jane M. (ed.) (1997), Body Talk: The Material and Discursive Regulation of Sexuality, Madness and Reproduction, London and New York, Routledge
    Walker Bynum, Caroline (1989), ‘The Female Body and Religious Practice in the Later Middle Ages’, MichaelFeher et al. (eds), Fragments for a History of the Human Body, New York, Zone, pp. 161–219
    Walkerdine, Valerie (1984), ‘Some Day my Prince Will Come: Young Girls and the Preparation for Adolescent Sexuality’, AngelaMcRobbie and MicaNava (eds), Gender and Generation, Basingstoke. Macmillan Educational
    Walkerdine, Valerie (1990), Schoolgirl Fictions, London and New York, Verso
    Walkerdine, Valerie and the Girls and Mathematics Unit, Institute of Education (1989), Counting Girls Out, London, Virago Press
    Wilkie, Tom (1991), ‘At the Flick of a Genetic Switch’, The Independent, 13 May: 18
    Wittig, Monique (1992), The Straight Mind and Other Essays, Hemel Hempstead, Harvester Wheatsheaf
    Wynn, Margaret and Wynn, Arthur (1991), The Case for Preconception Care of Men and Women, Oxford, AB Academic Publishers

    • Loading...
Back to Top

Copy and paste the following HTML into your website