Beyond Individual and Group Differences: Human Individuality, Scientific Psychology, and William Stern's Critical Personalism examines the history of psychology’s effort to come to terms with human individuality, from the time of Wundt to present day. With a primary emphasis on the contributions of German psychologist William Stern, this book generates a wider appreciation for Stern’s perspective on human individuality and for the proper place of personalitic thinking within scientific psychology. The author presents an alternative approach to the logical positivism that permeates traditional psychological thought and methodology making this an innovative, ground-breaking work. Beyond Individual and Group Differences is a dynamic book for academics and scholars in the areas of personality psychology, individual differences, and the history of psychology.
Chapter Two: The Problem of Individuality and the Historical Emergence of a “Differential” Psychology
The Problem of Individuality and the Historical Emergence of a “Differential” Psychology
Das Besondere unterliegt ewig dem Allgemeinen,
Das Allgemeine hat ewig sich mit dem Besonderen zu fügen.
Individuality, problem of the twentieth century!
With this exhortation, William Stern beckoned readers into his 1900 book, On the Psychology of Individual Differences (Toward a“Differential Psychology”) (Stern, 1900a). A meticulous scholar, Stern certainly knew that he was not raising questions about individuality for the first time in the history of intellectual discourse. In this instance, however, he was addressing himself to his fellow psychologists and was doing so in the firm belief that even at that very early stage in psychology's life as an experimental discipline ...