- Subject index
Beyond Individual and Group Differences: Human Individuality, Scientific Psychology, and William Stern's Critical Personalism examines the history of psychology’s effort to come to terms with human individuality, from the time of Wundt to present day. With a primary emphasis on the contributions of German psychologist William Stern, this book generates a wider appreciation for Stern’s perspective on human individuality and for the proper place of personalitic thinking within scientific psychology. The author presents an alternative approach to the logical positivism that permeates traditional psychological thought and methodology making this an innovative, ground-breaking work. Beyond Individual and Group Differences is a dynamic book for academics and scholars in the areas of personality psychology, individual differences, and the history of psychology.
Chapter Ten: Our Differences Aside: Persons, Things, Individuality, and Community
Our Differences Aside: Persons, Things, Individuality, and Community
By his own account, William Stern centered his entire intellectual life around “the problem of individuality.” The challenge, as he saw it, was to incorporate into the “New Science” of psychology a philosophically sound and theoretically viable conception of the human being (Stern, 1927), and the distinction between persons and things was fundamental to his thinking in this regard. In critical personalism, this distinction turns ultimately on the concept of value: A thing is an entity that can be evaluated, passively, whereas a person is an entity that actively “e-valuates”—or “radiates value,” as Stern often put it—in accordance with his or her purposes. In combination, the notions of value and ...