Beyond Individual and Group Differences: Human Individuality, Scientific Psychology, and William Stern's Critical Personalism examines the history of psychology’s effort to come to terms with human individuality, from the time of Wundt to present day. With a primary emphasis on the contributions of German psychologist William Stern, this book generates a wider appreciation for Stern’s perspective on human individuality and for the proper place of personalitic thinking within scientific psychology. The author presents an alternative approach to the logical positivism that permeates traditional psychological thought and methodology making this an innovative, ground-breaking work. Beyond Individual and Group Differences is a dynamic book for academics and scholars in the areas of personality psychology, individual differences, and the history of psychology.
Chapter One: Introduction: A Lost Star
Introduction: A Lost Star
Approaching the end of her distinguished career in the discipline long known as differential psychology, Leona Tyler (1906–1993) under-took a retrospective essay titled “Neglected Insights in Personology” (Tyler, 1984). She began as follows:
Last summer I had occasion to refer to A History of Psychology in Autobiography, a series I had not looked into for years. I was struck by the fact that many of these eminent psychologists of the past had used this opportunity to present the ideas they considered to be the culminating achievement of their long and productive careers. I was also saddened and intrigued by the realization that many of these ideas had afterward virtually disappeared from mainstream thinking in psychology….
The first person whose ideas ...