Used extensively in nursing education, Betty Neuman's systems model reflects nursing‧s interest in holism and in the influence of environment on health. This volume opens with a brief biography of Betty Neuman and continues with a succinct discussion of her theory that outlines its origins, assumptions, and the major concepts of the meta-paradigm of nursing. It continues with a presentation of the propositions of the conceptual model, examples for application to practice and research, classic works, critiques and research, and a glossary of important terms. Ideally suited as a supplementary text, Betty Neuman is essential reading for the undergraduate nursing student as well as the more advanced student or nurse interested in a quick review.
Chapter 2: The Neuman Systems Model: Assumptions and Concepts
The Neuman Systems Model: Assumptions and Concepts
Assumptions of the Model
As with many nursing frameworks, the base of Neuman's work is from theoretical foundations outside of nursing. The foundations of Neuman's model are primarily Selye's stress theory, von Bertalanffy's general systems theory, Caplan's levels of prevention, Lewis's field theory, and De Chardin's philosophy of life. These perspectives support the idea that a holistic viewpoint of humans is crucial (Fawcett, 1984). The Neuman model is considered a systems model. In a systems model the main focus is on the interaction of the parts, or subsystems within the system. A systems perspective allows the nurse to view not only the pieces of the puzzle (or subsystems), but also the effect of ...