Using a unique behavioral assessment and treatment planning framework, the updated Sixth Edition provides a systematic overview of behavioral and cognitive principles and their applications to a wide range of issues and situations encountered in human services professions. Up-to-date practice examples drawn from eight diverse case studies illustrate the range and versatility of the behavior change approach in an increasingly diverse and multicultural society, while an innovative chapter on clinical applications of behavioral and cognitive intervention techniques also addresses current influences in the field. This edition embraces the rigorous empirical foundations that have made this approach such a significant contributor to the national and international therapeutic milieu of the 21st century.

Negative Reinforcement

Negative Reinforcement

Pat screamed at her husband, Dick, for going out with his friends, refusing to help around the house, and spending little time with her and their children. When she criticized him, Dick swore at her and told her to mind her own business. Pat became so upset during these arguments that she burst into tears, ran into the bedroom, and locked the door, remaining there until Dick left the house.


After completing this chapter, you should be able to do the following:

  • Compare the effects of punishment and negative reinforcement.
  • Give an example of escape behavior developed by negative reinforcement.
  • Describe ...
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