Behavior Change in the Human Services, Fifth Edition continues to provide a systematic introduction and overview of behavioral and cognitive principles and their applications to a wide range of problems and situations encountered in the human service professions. Designed for students and practitioners, the book uses a unique problem-solving framework to demonstrate how behavior change principles can be applied to practice situations. The book features a detailed and sequential organization that encourages readers to move progressively through material of increasing complexity and to conduct self-assessments of their knowledge. The Fifth Edition includes eight clinical case studies and many new and engaging examples that address issues such as substance abuse, child behavior problems, assertiveness, marital discord, and developing appropriate social behaviors.
Chapter 2: Positive Reinforcement
|Social worker:||One of my clients keeps arriving late for his appointments. It's ruining my schedule.|
|Supervisor:||What are you doing about it?|
|Social worker:||When he arrives, I tell him how glad I am to see him and then I add on extra time at the end of the session.|
|Supervisor:||No wonder he keeps coming late!|
After completing this chapter, you should be able to do the following:
- Give an example of the positive reinforcement procedure and its effect on the strength of a response.
- Describe how baseline data are used to determine whether or not a stimulus acts as a positive reinforcer.
- Indicate when a positive reinforcer should be delivered to maximize its effectiveness.
- Draw a diagram showing how positive reinforcement can be used to increase the rate of a response.