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Negative Reinforcement
Negative reinforcement

Pat screamed at her husband, Dick, for going out with his friends, refusing to help around the house, and spending little time with her and their children. When she criticized him, Dick swore at her and told her to mind her own business. Pat became so upset during these arguments that she burst into tears, ran into the bedroom, and locked the door, remaining there until Dick left the house.


After completing this chapter, you should be able to do the following:

  • Compare the effects of punishment and negative reinforcement.
  • Give an example of escape behavior developed by negative reinforcement.
  • Describe social interactions in terms of positive and negative reinforcement, given a case example.
  • Describe avoidance behavior, given a case example.
Negative Reinforcers, Punishers, and Aversive Stimuli

In the ...

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