Behavior Change in the Human Services, Fifth Edition continues to provide a systematic introduction and overview of behavioral and cognitive principles and their applications to a wide range of problems and situations encountered in the human service professions. Designed for students and practitioners, the book uses a unique problem-solving framework to demonstrate how behavior change principles can be applied to practice situations. The book features a detailed and sequential organization that encourages readers to move progressively through material of increasing complexity and to conduct self-assessments of their knowledge. The Fifth Edition includes eight clinical case studies and many new and engaging examples that address issues such as substance abuse, child behavior problems, assertiveness, marital discord, and developing appropriate social behaviors.
Chapter 10: Negative Reinforcement
Pat screamed at her husband, Dick, for going out with his friends, refusing to help around the house, and spending little time with her and their children. When she criticized him, Dick swore at her and told her to mind her own business. Pat became so upset during these arguments that she burst into tears, ran into the bedroom, and locked the door, remaining there until Dick left the house.
After completing this chapter, you should be able to do the following:
- Compare the effects of punishment and negative reinforcement.
- Give an example of escape behavior developed by negative reinforcement.
- Describe social interactions in terms of positive and negative reinforcement, given a case example.
- Describe avoidance behavior, given a case example.
Negative Reinforcers, Punishers, and Aversive Stimuli
In the ...