This book looks at the movements of immigrants and refugees and the challenges they face as they cross cultural boundaries and strive to build a new life in an unfamiliar place. It focuses on the psychological dynamic underpinning of their adaptation process, how their internal conditions change over time, the role of their ethnic and personal backgrounds, and of the conditions of the host environment affecting the process. Addressing these and related issues, the author presents a comprehensive theory, or a "big picture,"of the cross-cultural adaptation phenomenon.

Personal Communication

Personal communication

We live, so to speak, in co-evolution with our own mental products.

Erich Jantsch, The Self-Organizing Universe, 1980

If what we can express in any present moment cannot be comprehended, or if what we can comprehend at that moment is not being expressed, our existence as humans is threatened.

Lee Thayer, “Knowledge, Order, and Communication,” 1975

The evolutionary process of cross-cultural adaptation is punctuated by tribulations and triumphs. Large or small, each struggle and each triumph brings about a degree of internal transformation—no matter how minuscule or insignificant. The very engine that drives this transformative process is strangers' host communication competence, or their overall capacity to engage themselves in host social communication processes in accordance with the host communication system. Host communication competence, as such, serves ...

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