This book looks at the movements of immigrants and refugees and the challenges they face as they cross cultural boundaries and strive to build a new life in an unfamiliar place. It focuses on the psychological dynamic underpinning of their adaptation process, how their internal conditions change over time, the role of their ethnic and personal backgrounds, and of the conditions of the host environment affecting the process. Addressing these and related issues, the author presents a comprehensive theory, or a "big picture,"of the cross-cultural adaptation phenomenon.

The Structure of Cross-Cultural Adaptation

The structure of cross-cultural adaptation

Evolution essentially is a vast operation of interlocking changes.

Gregory Bateson, Steps to an Ecology of Mind, 1951

Building on the essential nature of the process of cross-cultural adaptation depicted in Chapter 4, we now turn to differential adaptation rates at which different strangers move along in attaining higher-level functional fitness, psychological health, and intercultural identity. Clearly, some strangers make smooth and speedy transitions, whereas others suffer from prolonged inability to find ways to overcome their cross-cultural predicaments. Some may strongly resist the idea of having to change their original cultural habits, thereby raising psychological barriers that work against their own transformation. The state of extreme stress eases over time for most strangers, whereas this may become a ...

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