This book looks at the movements of immigrants and refugees and the challenges they face as they cross cultural boundaries and strive to build a new life in an unfamiliar place. It focuses on the psychological dynamic underpinning of their adaptation process, how their internal conditions change over time, the role of their ethnic and personal backgrounds, and of the conditions of the host environment affecting the process. Addressing these and related issues, the author presents a comprehensive theory, or a "big picture,"of the cross-cultural adaptation phenomenon.

Existing Approaches to Cross-Cultural Adaptation

Existing approaches to cross-cultural adaptation

The principal cause of stagnation and extinction is over-specialisation.

Arthur Koestler, The Ghost in the Machine, 1967

Since the beginning of the 20th century, the phenomenon of cross-cultural adaptation has been investigated extensively in the United States, a nation that throughout its history has dealt with a large and continuous influx of immigrants and sojourners. Significant academic attention has also been given to the phenomenon in other countries, including Australia, Canada, England, Germany, Israel, and Sweden (see Abbink, 1984; Berry, U. Kim, Minde, & Mok, 1987; Coleman, 1987; Noels, Pon, & Clément, 1996; Wilpert, 1984). Today, investigators of cross-cultural adaptation must examine a vast array of books and articles to gain a thorough understanding of the field. These ...

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