This book offers a comprehensive and rounded view of research as a tool for logical problem-solving. It is built on the philosophical-pragmatic foundation that the value of knowledge and research methodologies lies in their usefulness in engaging with the real world.

Basic Research Methods: An Entry to Social Science Research synthesizes both positivist and non-positivist methodologies. It is for students who are undertaking their first social science research course or their first research project. The techniques are basic ones, but many masters and doctoral research studies use them. From an experiential base, students would be able to build a more advanced conceptual and theoretical understanding of research through further reading and practice.

The book covers both quantitative and qualitative methods. It discusses policy-applied-pure-action model of research, treatment of participatory research as an ethical rather than a methodological issue, inclusion of project evaluation as a type of case study, addition of binary measurement to the standard classification, practical use of Microsoft Excel for analysis of both words and numbers, a building block approach to writing, and the author's own thoughts on application of research.

Real-life examples from different subject areas in Asia are used in this concise textbook, which has been written in an engaging language, adopting the inductive approach.



Research design involves a great deal of careful planning. First, as part of the research proposal, a decision must be made on exactly what group of people or objects need to be studied to get the information that is required. Then, the study usually focuses on a sample taken from the entire group. Sampling is one of the foundations of research methods and design because research design nearly always involves recognition of samples.

This chapter provides fundamental understandings about three types of research method. The case study method uses very small samples that give data about individual situations, the survey method samples groups to generalise about them, while experimental designs use samples to identify cause-and-effect. Sampling has implications for dealing with the findings and the ...

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