This book offers a comprehensive and rounded view of research as a tool for logical problem-solving. It is built on the philosophical-pragmatic foundation that the value of knowledge and research methodologies lies in their usefulness in engaging with the real world.
Basic Research Methods: An Entry to Social Science Research synthesizes both positivist and non-positivist methodologies. It is for students who are undertaking their first social science research course or their first research project. The techniques are basic ones, but many masters and doctoral research studies use them. From an experiential base, students would be able to build a more advanced conceptual and theoretical understanding of research through further reading and practice.
The book covers both quantitative and qualitative methods. It discusses policy-applied-pure-action model of research, treatment of participatory research as an ethical rather than a methodological issue, inclusion of project evaluation as a type of case study, addition of binary measurement to the standard classification, practical use of Microsoft Excel for analysis of both words and numbers, a building block approach to writing, and the author's own thoughts on application of research.
Real-life examples from different subject areas in Asia are used in this concise textbook, which has been written in an engaging language, adopting the inductive approach.
Chapter 4: Research Methodology
A good draft of the research proposal should contain both a literature review and a considered approach to research methodology. Both can be very complicated, especially because there are many competing theories and methodologies. If only a very short proposal is needed, you may only have space to state the data collection techniques. However, you do need to understand the principles on which they are based and what they imply for data collection and analysis.
To help you through the maze, this chapter will cover some fundamental and difficult methodological ground. This is not a time to practice speed reading. Read each sentence slowly and think about it carefully—there is no hurry. Do not worry if it all seems too complicated. You can ...