This book offers a comprehensive and rounded view of research as a tool for logical problem-solving. It is built on the philosophical-pragmatic foundation that the value of knowledge and research methodologies lies in their usefulness in engaging with the real world.
Basic Research Methods: An Entry to Social Science Research synthesizes both positivist and non-positivist methodologies. It is for students who are undertaking their first social science research course or their first research project. The techniques are basic ones, but many masters and doctoral research studies use them. From an experiential base, students would be able to build a more advanced conceptual and theoretical understanding of research through further reading and practice.
The book covers both quantitative and qualitative methods. It discusses policy-applied-pure-action model of research, treatment of participatory research as an ethical rather than a methodological issue, inclusion of project evaluation as a type of case study, addition of binary measurement to the standard classification, practical use of Microsoft Excel for analysis of both words and numbers, a building block approach to writing, and the author's own thoughts on application of research.
Real-life examples from different subject areas in Asia are used in this concise textbook, which has been written in an engaging language, adopting the inductive approach.
Chapter 3: Research Proposal and Literature Review
Research Proposal and Literature Review
Writing up a research proposal is the required first step for many academic studies. This is the formal way of clarifying your own ideas and convincing a superviser that you know what you are doing. When you start the proposal, you will probably have only a general idea of what your research topic will be. The research proposal helps define the problem statement so that it provides a manageable topic on which to collect data in the available time.
The research proposal has two main elements. The first is a literature review, which this chapter considers. By the time you have finished the literature review, you should have a clearly defined research problem and, perhaps, a research ...