This book offers a comprehensive and rounded view of research as a tool for logical problem-solving. It is built on the philosophical-pragmatic foundation that the value of knowledge and research methodologies lies in their usefulness in engaging with the real world.

Basic Research Methods: An Entry to Social Science Research synthesizes both positivist and non-positivist methodologies. It is for students who are undertaking their first social science research course or their first research project. The techniques are basic ones, but many masters and doctoral research studies use them. From an experiential base, students would be able to build a more advanced conceptual and theoretical understanding of research through further reading and practice.

The book covers both quantitative and qualitative methods. It discusses policy-applied-pure-action model of research, treatment of participatory research as an ethical rather than a methodological issue, inclusion of project evaluation as a type of case study, addition of binary measurement to the standard classification, practical use of Microsoft Excel for analysis of both words and numbers, a building block approach to writing, and the author's own thoughts on application of research.

Real-life examples from different subject areas in Asia are used in this concise textbook, which has been written in an engaging language, adopting the inductive approach.

The Report

The report

Research constantly involves interaction between the four stages, with continual iterations and adjustments. The write-up completes this exercise, but it is a formal logical presentation of the research, not a history of the project as though it proceeded in a linear path planned from beginning to end.

One of the reasons for leaving plenty of time for write-up is to check all aspects of the research for completeness and consistency. The report should show that you have carefully thought about all the elements as you went along, made appropriate adjustments and recognised mistakes. The write-up will proceed faster if you drafted material as you progressed, but now is a very important opportunity to improve the quality by paying careful attention to detail and ...

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