This book offers a comprehensive and rounded view of research as a tool for logical problem-solving. It is built on the philosophical-pragmatic foundation that the value of knowledge and research methodologies lies in their usefulness in engaging with the real world.

Basic Research Methods: An Entry to Social Science Research synthesizes both positivist and non-positivist methodologies. It is for students who are undertaking their first social science research course or their first research project. The techniques are basic ones, but many masters and doctoral research studies use them. From an experiential base, students would be able to build a more advanced conceptual and theoretical understanding of research through further reading and practice.

The book covers both quantitative and qualitative methods. It discusses policy-applied-pure-action model of research, treatment of participatory research as an ethical rather than a methodological issue, inclusion of project evaluation as a type of case study, addition of binary measurement to the standard classification, practical use of Microsoft Excel for analysis of both words and numbers, a building block approach to writing, and the author's own thoughts on application of research.

Real-life examples from different subject areas in Asia are used in this concise textbook, which has been written in an engaging language, adopting the inductive approach.



Because of our prior experience as students, we tend to have a restricted view of tests. We are all familiar with the idea of intelligence testing, and we have had seemingly endless subject tests and exams throughout our formal education. We might also have come across research reports from psychology and educational psychology experiments, but tests do have a wider use. Indeed, often they are not recognised as research method or even as tests.

Informally, teachers use pen and paper tests continuously to assess student progress in the classroom. Although teachers do not usually think of this as research, classroom tests can be both formative and summative evaluation techniques. Additionally, classroom tests can be very useful for action research: is a new teaching method, textbook ...

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