This book offers a comprehensive and rounded view of research as a tool for logical problem-solving. It is built on the philosophical-pragmatic foundation that the value of knowledge and research methodologies lies in their usefulness in engaging with the real world.
Basic Research Methods: An Entry to Social Science Research synthesizes both positivist and non-positivist methodologies. It is for students who are undertaking their first social science research course or their first research project. The techniques are basic ones, but many masters and doctoral research studies use them. From an experiential base, students would be able to build a more advanced conceptual and theoretical understanding of research through further reading and practice.
The book covers both quantitative and qualitative methods. It discusses policy-applied-pure-action model of research, treatment of participatory research as an ethical rather than a methodological issue, inclusion of project evaluation as a type of case study, addition of binary measurement to the standard classification, practical use of Microsoft Excel for analysis of both words and numbers, a building block approach to writing, and the author's own thoughts on application of research.
Real-life examples from different subject areas in Asia are used in this concise textbook, which has been written in an engaging language, adopting the inductive approach.
Chapter 1: Approaches to Research
Approaches to Research
Research is concerned with collecting and analysing data systematically to help solve problems that concern us. In common usage, research has wider meanings. Often, people refer to reading books or searching the internet as research. For research purposes, these activities are only part of the job at hand. Basic Research Methods looks at research in the sense of collecting your own original data and analysing the information collected thoroughly and methodically. Data does not necessarily mean numbers. Words are data too.
This book is for beginners in research in the social sciences, perhaps in anthropology, education, geography, political science, psychology, sociology or other subjects such as management. Social scientists have a wide variety of perspectives, and attempts to develop theories that ...