This book offers a comprehensive and rounded view of research as a tool for logical problem-solving. It is built on the philosophical-pragmatic foundation that the value of knowledge and research methodologies lies in their usefulness in engaging with the real world.

Basic Research Methods: An Entry to Social Science Research synthesizes both positivist and non-positivist methodologies. It is for students who are undertaking their first social science research course or their first research project. The techniques are basic ones, but many masters and doctoral research studies use them. From an experiential base, students would be able to build a more advanced conceptual and theoretical understanding of research through further reading and practice.

The book covers both quantitative and qualitative methods. It discusses policy-applied-pure-action model of research, treatment of participatory research as an ethical rather than a methodological issue, inclusion of project evaluation as a type of case study, addition of binary measurement to the standard classification, practical use of Microsoft Excel for analysis of both words and numbers, a building block approach to writing, and the author's own thoughts on application of research.

Real-life examples from different subject areas in Asia are used in this concise textbook, which has been written in an engaging language, adopting the inductive approach.


Action can have a wide variety of intents.

Writing the report is actually a limited form of action. In effect, research does not exist unless it is written up for others to read and perhaps to act on. An important part of this is writing well-organised reports with clarity that helps generate credibility for the findings.

Writing up can also be a major form of action for our own intellectual development. This is because judging our own work can be very difficult. We invest a great deal of time, effort and emotion in our study and, often, it is hard to look at it objectively. Learning to do so is one of the major benefits of undertaking research. We learn, often for the first time, to ...

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