DIY check-outs, drones, self-driving cars, and e-government: all are signs of the coming auto-industrial age. Will this end in mass unemployment or will new kinds of work emerge? Will 3D print production, desktop workshops and mass customization make up for lost blue-collar jobs? What will happen to health and education in the auto-industrial age? Will machines replace teachers and doctors? What might the economic and social future dominated by self-employment and a large DIY industry look like? Peter Murphy’s lively, provocative book addresses these questions head-on.
Chapter 2: Industry
RISE AND FALL
Industrial growth eventually means industrial decline. It happens to all industries in every industrial society. No matter how much they might expand, eventually they will shrink. Their seeming implacable dominance is but a prelude to their eventual demotion and relegation. Most people in the nineteenth century in the major economies earned their livelihood from agriculture. Today hardly anyone does.1 Generally speaking now the more advanced an economy is the greater the portion of employment and output devoted to services. Services is a motley category. It incorporates retail and wholesale occupations, utilities, transport and warehousing, information, financial, professional and business services, education and health, leisure and hospitality and government. In 1970, 30 percent of Americans worked in secondary industry; in 2010, 13 ...