There are a number of different approaches and therapies available for children, young people and adults on the autistic spectrum, and the amount of information available on each one can be daunting for professionals and parents alike. Autism, Educational and Theoretical Approaches offers concise and clear explanations of a variety of proposed interventions and their effectiveness, and helps the reader to decide on the most appropriate treatment for each individual.

Efrosini Kalyva provides accessible information about recent scientific evidence and the latest research, and allows you to consider the pros and cons of each approach. She focuses on the following areas:

cognitive-behavioral approaches; developing social interaction; alternative communication strategies; developing play; sensory-motor approaches; psychotherapeutic approaches; biochemical approaches

This much-needed guide for practitioners and student teachers will also appeal to interested parents, and to anyone looking for a comparative examination of the variety of treatments on offer.

Biochemical Approaches

Biochemical approaches

Chapter Overview

In this chapter, I first discuss pharmacotherapy, since some drugs can be effective in addressing some aspects of the behavioural and neurological profile of some individuals with ASD, and then I refer to several biochemical therapies and diets that have limited documented effectiveness. Pharmacotherapy and biochemical therapies have gained increased popularity because of the commonly accepted view that ASD is a neurological disorder, the popularity of psychotropic medication in psychiatry, and the popularity of homeopathic drugs, vitamins and ‘alternative medicine’ (Golnik and Ireland, 2009; Levy and Hyman, 2008).


Drugs are often prescribed to children with ASD, with 83 per cent of those studied by Oswald and Sonenklar (2007) having at least one drug claim in the course of one calendar year. Esbensen ...

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