There are a number of different approaches and therapies available for children, young people and adults on the autistic spectrum, and the amount of information available on each one can be daunting for professionals and parents alike. Autism, Educational and Theoretical Approaches offers concise and clear explanations of a variety of proposed interventions and their effectiveness, and helps the reader to decide on the most appropriate treatment for each individual.

Efrosini Kalyva provides accessible information about recent scientific evidence and the latest research, and allows you to consider the pros and cons of each approach. She focuses on the following areas:

cognitive-behavioral approaches; developing social interaction; alternative communication strategies; developing play; sensory-motor approaches; psychotherapeutic approaches; biochemical approaches

This much-needed guide for practitioners and student teachers will also appeal to interested parents, and to anyone looking for a comparative examination of the variety of treatments on offer.

Sensorimotor Approaches

Sensorimotor approaches

Chapter Overview

Some children with ASD may experience either excessive or inadequate sensory stimulation in comparison with most typically developing peers (Cheung and Siu, 2009; Dawson and Watling, 2000). They may have trouble perceiving environmental stimuli and responding to them appropriately. Based on this theory, some ritualistic behaviours, such as rocking, and some self-injurious behaviours can be interpreted as attempts made by the child with ASD to mediate the quantity and the level of the received environmental stimuli (Green, 1996a). This principle informs the basic sensorimotor therapies that I present in this chapter. I have chosen those therapies that were studied more thoroughly and can be used jointly with other interventions to address the needs of children with ASD. I start with music ...

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