There are a number of different approaches and therapies available for children, young people and adults on the autistic spectrum, and the amount of information available on each one can be daunting for professionals and parents alike. Autism, Educational and Theoretical Approaches offers concise and clear explanations of a variety of proposed interventions and their effectiveness, and helps the reader to decide on the most appropriate treatment for each individual.
Efrosini Kalyva provides accessible information about recent scientific evidence and the latest research, and allows you to consider the pros and cons of each approach. She focuses on the following areas:
cognitive-behavioral approaches; developing social interaction; alternative communication strategies; developing play; sensory-motor approaches; psychotherapeutic approaches; biochemical approaches
This much-needed guide for practitioners and student teachers will also appeal to interested parents, and to anyone looking for a comparative examination of the variety of treatments on offer.
Chapter 4: Approaches Based on Play
Approaches Based on Play
Children with ASD lack varied, spontaneous pretend or social imitative play. The American Psychiatric Association (APA, 2001) reports that children with ASD play in their own unique ways, since they do not move away from the early infancy stage of occupation with objects. I felt compelled to refer to play in more detail, because although it should be one of the main occupations of children with ASD, it is often omitted from many educational or therapeutic interventions. It is usually treated as an activity that takes place during the breaks and when it is taught in the framework of a behavioural approach, this is done in a highly structured way using mainly the therapist as play partner. ...