There are a number of different approaches and therapies available for children, young people and adults on the autistic spectrum, and the amount of information available on each one can be daunting for professionals and parents alike. Autism, Educational and Theoretical Approaches offers concise and clear explanations of a variety of proposed interventions and their effectiveness, and helps the reader to decide on the most appropriate treatment for each individual.

Efrosini Kalyva provides accessible information about recent scientific evidence and the latest research, and allows you to consider the pros and cons of each approach. She focuses on the following areas:

cognitive-behavioral approaches; developing social interaction; alternative communication strategies; developing play; sensory-motor approaches; psychotherapeutic approaches; biochemical approaches

This much-needed guide for practitioners and student teachers will also appeal to interested parents, and to anyone looking for a comparative examination of the variety of treatments on offer.

Approaches for Developing Alternative Communication

Approaches for developing alternative communication

Chapter Overview

Many children with ASD develop speech and language later and use it less functionally than typically developing peers, while others show no signs of speech (Frankel et al., 1987). It is, therefore, essential to find a way to help them communicate at least their basic needs. Programmes such as ABA and TEACCH make certain suggestions about the way in which adults can reinforce the communication and the development of speech of children with ASD. However, there are also two alternative communication methods that can be implemented independently or in combination with other educational programmes: PECS and sign language. Both systems have advantages and disadvantages, which I underline later in the chapter, and great differences in ...

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