There are a number of different approaches and therapies available for children, young people and adults on the autistic spectrum, and the amount of information available on each one can be daunting for professionals and parents alike. Autism, Educational and Theoretical Approaches offers concise and clear explanations of a variety of proposed interventions and their effectiveness, and helps the reader to decide on the most appropriate treatment for each individual.
Efrosini Kalyva provides accessible information about recent scientific evidence and the latest research, and allows you to consider the pros and cons of each approach. She focuses on the following areas:
cognitive-behavioral approaches; developing social interaction; alternative communication strategies; developing play; sensory-motor approaches; psychotherapeutic approaches; biochemical approaches
This much-needed guide for practitioners and student teachers will also appeal to interested parents, and to anyone looking for a comparative examination of the variety of treatments on offer.
Chapter 1: Cognitive-Behavioural Approaches
I begin this chapter with a critical review of the approaches that have proven most effective for the treatment of ASD according to relevant published studies. I refer in particular to applied behaviour analysis (ABA) and TEACCH, which have been used successfully with individuals with ASD for many years in a variety of countries and cultural contexts. Applied behaviour analysis targets primarily young children with ASD, recognising the vital importance of early intervention that can bring about noticeable changes in the symptoms, while TEACCH provides a ‘cradle to grave’ service. Both methods that I will present and analyse in more detail have advantages and disadvantages that should be taken into consideration when assessing their effectiveness. You should also bear in mind ...