‘This is a very exciting book and should be read widely by anyone who wants a better understanding of the role of assessment in the diverse, globalised, digital societies of the 21st century.’
Chapter 2: Why Teachers Need to Understand Standards
Why Teachers Need to Understand Standards
In this chapter we set out the rationale for standards-based assessment and the need for teachers to understand the roles and functions of standards. We discuss ideas central to an understanding of standards and their relationship to curriculum, accountability, improvement and equity, and provide examples of how standards are represented and promulgated and how teachers use standards in making judgements about students' work.
Trends in education, such as the increased use worldwide of standards for improved learning, and for systems and individual accountability and evaluative purposes, have required teachers to develop a repertoire of new skills and understandings in their teaching and assessment practices. These include knowledge and understandings about what counts as quality ...