Assessment and Learning places learning at the centre of our concerns and explicitly underscores the importance of assessment in that learning. This new edition provides a comprehensive overview of assessment that is used to support learning, practice-based theory on assessment for learning, and formative assessment to support individual development and motivate learners. Readers will find research-informed insights from a wide variety of international contexts. It features: New chapters on e-assessment, the learner's perspective on assessment and learning and the influence of assessment on how we value learning; Teacher-friendly assessment topics; Practical examples and chapter summaries throughout; This book is useful to teacher educators and researchers on graduate courses in education, teaching, learning and assessment.

Developing a Theory of Formative Assessment

Developing a Theory of Formative Assessment

Developing a theory of formative assessment
PaulBlack and DylanWiliam

Introduction

The descriptions in Chapter 2 present a range of learning activities through which the potential benefits of formative assessment might be achieved. The account there is, in the main, pragmatic and practical. This chapter explores the theoretical underpinning of these activities, for three reasons. The first is to provide a clear rationale for the activities, and to connect them with the research evidence that suggests that such activities are likely to be effective in promoting student achievement. The second is that without an understanding of the theoretical basis of the activities, there is a danger that the adaptations that every teacher must necessarily make to implement the activities in their classrooms will ...

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