Scientific research and science-guided practice based on the promotion of an individual's strengths constitutes a radical shift in a new and growing area of study within the field of human development. Its trademark term is `positive youth development'. This approach to human development is based on the idea that, in addition to preventing problems, science and practice should promote the development of competencies, skills, and motivation in order to enhance individuals' developmental pathways. Approaches to Positive Youth Development is based on this concept and brings together authors from across Europe and America who are leaders in their respective fields. The main focus of the book, beyond a clarification of the paradigmatic foundations, concerns the major contexts of adolescents and young adults, namely, neighborhoods and leisure locales, school and family, and the major themes of healthy psychosocial development, namely, competences and knowledge, prosocial behavior, transcending problems of delinquency, civic engagement, identity, agency, and spirituality.

Social Control and Adolescent Development: A View from Life-Course Criminology

Social control and adolescent development: A view from life-course criminology
John H.Laub, Elaine EgglestonDoherty, and Robert J.Sampson

One of the major developments in criminology since the early 1980s is the recognition that there is no single cause or risk factor for crime and violence; instead, there are multiple pathways to these outcomes. Chronic offenders, in particular, have multiple risk factors in their background, including individual factors such as hyperactivity, impulsivity, and attention deficit; family characteristics, especially poor family functioning and childrearing practices; school factors such as poor school achievement and low commitment to school; and peer factors, especially associating with delinquent peers and gang membership. In addition, community influences such as poverty and inequality, race and family ...

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