Scientific research and science-guided practice based on the promotion of an individual's strengths constitutes a radical shift in a new and growing area of study within the field of human development. Its trademark term is `positive youth development'. This approach to human development is based on the idea that, in addition to preventing problems, science and practice should promote the development of competencies, skills, and motivation in order to enhance individuals' developmental pathways. Approaches to Positive Youth Development is based on this concept and brings together authors from across Europe and America who are leaders in their respective fields. The main focus of the book, beyond a clarification of the paradigmatic foundations, concerns the major contexts of adolescents and young adults, namely, neighborhoods and leisure locales, school and family, and the major themes of healthy psychosocial development, namely, competences and knowledge, prosocial behavior, transcending problems of delinquency, civic engagement, identity, agency, and spirituality.

Life Chances and Opportunities in Times of Social Change: Evidence from Two British Birth Cohorts

Life chances and opportunities in times of social change: Evidence from two british birth cohorts

Since the mid-1970s there have been dramatic transformations of society and an increasing diversity in the paths taken within and out of adolescence and into adulthood. Across most industrialized countries the age when young people enter employment has been effectively delayed as the average length of schooling continues to rise, and the step into marriage and parenthood has been generally postponed, often until the late 20s or even early 30s (Arnett, 2000; Mortimer & Larson, 2002). The goal of this chapter is to assess the implications of societal changes on the life chances of young people ...

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