• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Scientific research and science-guided practice based on the promotion of an individual's strengths constitutes a radical shift in a new and growing area of study within the field of human development. Its trademark term is `positive youth development'. This approach to human development is based on the idea that, in addition to preventing problems, science and practice should promote the development of competencies, skills, and motivation in order to enhance individuals' developmental pathways. Approaches to Positive Youth Development is based on this concept and brings together authors from across Europe and America who are leaders in their respective fields. The main focus of the book, beyond a clarification of the paradigmatic foundations, concerns the major contexts of adolescents and young adults, namely, neighborhoods and leisure locales, school and family, and the major themes of healthy psychosocial development, namely, competences and knowledge, prosocial behavior, transcending problems of delinquency, civic engagement, identity, agency, and spirituality.

Soci(et)al Scaffolding of Individual Growth across the Life Span
Soci(et)al scaffolding of individual growth across the life span
JuttaHeckhausen

This chapter addresses the key influences in individual development and how they work together to produce adaptive or maladaptive developmental trajectories. More specifically, this chapter investigates how individual development is structured by and potentially profits from specific age-graded opportunities and constraints provided by the social context the individual lives in.

As known from Bronfenbrenner (1979) and work following in his footsteps (Lerner, 2002), the social context can be addressed at various levels of inclusiveness, ranging from immediate interactive partners within the family to societal structure and institutions at large, and even historical changes in social influences. As individuals move through the life span, they themselves move into further and ...

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