Scientific research and science-guided practice based on the promotion of an individual's strengths constitutes a radical shift in a new and growing area of study within the field of human development. Its trademark term is `positive youth development'. This approach to human development is based on the idea that, in addition to preventing problems, science and practice should promote the development of competencies, skills, and motivation in order to enhance individuals' developmental pathways. Approaches to Positive Youth Development is based on this concept and brings together authors from across Europe and America who are leaders in their respective fields. The main focus of the book, beyond a clarification of the paradigmatic foundations, concerns the major contexts of adolescents and young adults, namely, neighborhoods and leisure locales, school and family, and the major themes of healthy psychosocial development, namely, competences and knowledge, prosocial behavior, transcending problems of delinquency, civic engagement, identity, agency, and spirituality.

Building Resources in the Context of Socioeconomic Disadvantage: Lessons from Research for Social Policies

Building resources in the context of socioeconomic disadvantage: Lessons from research for social policies

Children are born with a biologically endowed potential, but what is made of this potential is the workings of their lifetime experiences with their environments. Human potential development refers to the development of competence to an optimal level, given the biological potential. It usually refers to a pattern of effective adaptation to environmental demands to reach reasonable success at developmental tasks expected of a person of a given age and gender in a society. It involves some comparison with established standards of performance, even if implicit. It also implies development vis-à-vis the biological potential. An issue dealt with ...

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