This comprehensive and accessible textbook overviews the applications of social psychology to a wide range of problems and issues in contemporary society. With internationally respected contributors who survey the major developments in their fields, this practical guide incorporates advice, examples and reading lists. The first part of the book outlines a number of general frameworks that inform the applications of social psychology, namely language, attitudes, decision-making and survey research; Part Two focuses on major behavioural domains, including health and economic behaviour; Part Three explains the relationship between social psychology and social institutions, highlighting, for instance, the media, law and politic
Chapter 9: Social Psychology and Organizations
Social Psychology and Organizations
- Theories of Attribution and Social Cognition as Applied to Organizations 228
- Social Psychological Perspectives on Contemporary Problems for Organizations 245
- Concluding Comments 254
- Further Reading 255
In modem societies, most of the necessities of life, and many of its pleasures, derive from the actions of production and service organizations such as manufacturing plants, agribusinesses, retail stores, entertainment conglomerates, and so forth. From a global perspective, today's world is one in which various societies' organizations are engaged in competition for market share, capital, and ultimately wealth (Fukuyama, 1995). Consequently, the effectiveness of organizations is a matter of societal as well as individual concern. Applied social psychology has the potential to contribute to organizational effectiveness by providing insights into how people's contributions in ...