By outlining and integrating three different perspectives - discourse, rhetoric and social theory - this book provides a comprehensive and well-illustrated framework for the analysis of everyday texts. The first part of the book describes the tools and resources which can be drawn from discourse analysis, rhetorical theory, and social theory. These perspectives are then brought together in an extensive analysis of everyday texts. The last chapter examines the principles and consequences of conducting theoretically informed critical textual analysis.
Chapter 2: The Resources of Discourse Analysis
The Resources of Discourse Analysis
This chapter develops a framework for analyzing discourse—for describing the linguistic structures and functions of text and exploring their relations with the social contexts of their use. The framework foregrounds the systemic, functional, and social characteristics of discoursal practice. When we make and exchange text, we instantiate the meaning-making potentials of language systems. Systems are organized sets of linguistic structures: the arrays of “what can be done” in terms of selections and combinations of linguistic units. The organization of the language system and the interpretation of its possible structures is conceived of in terms of function. The framework recognizes that linguistic structures simultaneously function to represent experiences of the world, construct social relationships among the participants ...