- Subject index
This volume shows how state-of-the-art geographic information systems (GIS), used to display patterns of crime to stimulate effective strategies and decision-making, are revolutionizing urban law enforcement. The contributors present expert information for understanding and successfully employing the latest technologies in this field.
Chapter 8: The Utility of Standard Deviation Ellipses for Evaluating Hot Spots
The Utility of Standard Deviation Ellipses for Evaluating Hot Spots
Only recently have criminologists begun widespread use of spatial analysis techniques to understand crime data. This stems in large measure from a shift in emphasis from efforts to understand criminals to an effort to understand crime.1 The drift toward a spatial focus is compelling because factors converge in space to ...