This volume shows how state-of-the-art geographic information systems (GIS), used to display patterns of crime to stimulate effective strategies and decision-making, are revolutionizing urban law enforcement. The contributors present expert information for understanding and successfully employing the latest technologies in this field.
Chapter 4: The Spatial Analysis of Crime: What Social Scientists have Learned
The Spatial Analysis of Crime: What Social Scientists have Learned
This chapter reviews macrolevel and microlevel spatial research concerning social and physical environments and discusses the applicability of this research to actual police activity. Due to the volume and diversity of studies on this topic, an attempt has been made to select a representative subset of each domain of analysis. This chapter attempts to provide a comparison between macrolevel research and microlevel research in an effort to answer the following question: What information does each type of research contribute, and how can all this information be used to reduce crime?
Macrolevel Crime Research
For more than 150 years, crime researchers have sought to explain geographic variations in ...