“The book is well written and the theorists and their respective work are well-presented and clearly explained…. As a text dealing with the historical overview of major theorists and their work in human development over the last century or so, it is extremely strong and could be widely used in a variety of both undergraduate and graduate courses.”
—Ann C. Diver-Stamnes, Humboldt State University
“In general, I found the websites and references listed at the end of each chapter to be very interesting and useful for taking students beyond what is in the text.”
—Jane Ledingham, University of Ottawa
“A fine choice for a classic theories course, and I believe that the level of presentation would be appropriate for advanced undergraduate or graduate students…. The up-to-date web sites at the end of each section are a definite plus. The choice of sites is excellent.”
—Cosby Steele Rogers, Virginia Tech
An Introduction to Theories of Human Development examines the development process, looking at the series of changes that occur as a result of an interaction between biological and environmental factors. Why might our behavior as an adult be so different from when we were infants? Why and how does one stage of development follow the next? Are the changes that we experience abrupt in nature or smooth and predictable? Author Neil J. Salkind reflects on such critical questions to help readers understand what happens along the way as one develops from infancy through later life.
This book provides a comprehensive view of the primary theoretical models of human development including those from the biological, psychoanalytic, behavioral, and cognitive developmental perspectives. Along with a brief discussion of a historical background for each of these approaches, An Introduction to Theories of Human Development examines the application of these theories to various aspects of human development, such as the effectiveness of early intervention, individual differences, adolescence, and sociobiology.
Features of this text: A final, integrative chapter compares the various theories presented in the book using Murry Sidman's model of six criteria for judging a theory to help develop students' skills for critically assessing theory.; Classic approaches to understanding human behavior across the lifespan are also examined.; Pedagogical features such as chapter opening quotes, boxed highlights, key terms, a glossary, and websites for further reading enhance student understanding of everyday human behavior.
An Introduction to Theories of Human Development is an accessible text for advanced undergraduate students in the social and behavioral sciences including such fields as psychology, education, human services, nursing, sociology, social welfare, and human development and family studies.
Chapter 7: Behavioral Models of Development
Behavioral Models of Development
Heredity is nothing more than stored environment.
With a good heredity, nature deals you a fine hand at cards; and with a good environment, you learn to play the hand well.
I am I plus my circumstances.
The Beginnings of Behaviorism
The different theoretical perspectives discussed so far give special attention to maturational or biological themes in development. Freud's psychoanalytic model, Gesell's maturational model, and ethological and sociobiological models all emphasize the way in which development results from complex interactions among biological factors across a wide range of settings. Theorists working from all these perspectives place some importance on the role of the environment, but they do not believe that the environment is the major ...